Portugal, 1970s. The political wing, Partido Revolucionario do Proletariado, (English: Revolutionary Party of the Proletariat) and the terrorist wing, Brigadas Revolucionarias, (English: Revolutionary Brigades) operated as one organization in Portugal during the 1970s.
Formed in 1969, The Provisional Irish Republican Army was the terrorist organisation that planted and detonated bombs in streets and pubs across Northern Ireland, Britain, Europe. Its leaders and terrorists were pardoned, in writing, by a former British Prime Minister. Approximately 1800 people were murdered by Provisional IRA terrorists.
Victims of GAL
At least 27 dead and 26 injured.
In Spain (and France,) targeting the Basque ETA terrorist group, with tit-for-tat terrorist acts by GAL, car bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, torture between 1983 and 1987. The French President was so furious that several ordinary French people walking along a French street had been killed that he had an extremely heated face-to-face confrontation with the Spanish President. It has never been publicly revealed whether GAL’s top man, known only as ‘el Hombre X’ (‘the X-Man’) was of commoner descent or a royal.
Several members of President Felipe Gonzalez’s government in Spain went on trial as active GAL members. The Spanish Interior Minister, Jose Barrionuevo, and his deputy, Rafael Vera, each received 10 year prison sentences for their parts and several other highly positioned officials, too, served prison terms.